VHF and UHF are the most interesting, useful and challenging bands for amateur radio enthusiasts, so they are currently widely used by amateur radio enthusiasts in various situations. Because VHF / UHF band communication are very easy, many amateur radio enthusiasts made their first communication in the VHF / UHF band. However, in the radio world, these two options can make all the difference when it comes to choosing the right radio for your specific uses.
These types of radios have frequencies between 300 MHz and 3 GHz, and they are the most powerful types of two-way radios. These types of radios can be used indoors just as well as outdoors, and they can penetrate many types of barriers and interferences that other radios cannot. UHF radios can even penetrate steel and concrete!
These types of radios have frequencies between 30 MHz to 300 MHz, which means that they are significantly less powerful than UFH radios. Just because they are less powerful doesn’t mean that they aren’t useful, however; if you’re using your radio primarily for outdoor use in fairly open areas, these are still great options. They can’t penetrate structures or other obstructions, but they’re great for hilly or flat landscapes.
2m band (144.00 ~ 148.00MHz) This is a typical VHF band, which is a very active local communication band. The ionosphere of the signal in this frequency band basically does not reflect. The radio waves are mainly transmitted by line-of-sight, and reflected waves are encountered when transmitting buildings or mountains. Therefore, they can only be used for short-range communication of walkie-talkies.Antennas in this band are the most produced by amateur radio enthusiasts. There are various high-gain directional and omnidirectional antennas, vehicle-mounted mobile whip antennas, and small hand held antennas.
70cm band (430-440Mhz) It belongs to the UHF band, and the direct wave propagates even more than the V band. The U band penetrates better than the V band. Therefore, U band are used more in cities with high buildings. But at the same time, the attenuation of air is larger than V band, which is not suitable for long-distance communication. In order to solve the problem of short distance communication, many amateur radio enthusiasts set up the relay station at a high place. By relaying the differential signal, the communication range can be greatly increased. As long as the enthusiast uses a small power and a simple antenna, Remote station QSO.
As we all known, dual band radios are very popular in the market. In Retevis digital radios line, RT3S,RT82,RT84,RT72,RT52 also Ailunce HD1 are all very popular in amateur radio operators. You can use not only UHF but VHF under different needs.